Fabre, Henri

SUBJECT AREA: Aerospace
[br]
b. 29 November 1882 Marseilles, France
d. June 1984 France
[br]
French engineer, designer of the first seaplane, in which he made the first flight from water.
[br]
After obtaining a degree in engineering, Fabre specialized in hydrodynamics. Around 1904 he developed an interest in flying and followed the progress of early French aviators such as Archdeacon, Voisin and Blériot who were experimenting with float-gliders. Fabre carried out many experiments during the following years, including airflow tests on various surfaces and hydrodynamic tests on different designs for floats. He also built a propeller-driven motor car to develop the most efficient design for a propeller. In 1909 he built his first "hydro-aeroplane", but it failed to fly. By March 1910 he built a new float plane which was very different from contemporary French aeroplanes. It was a tail-first (canard) monoplane and had unusual Warren girder spars exposed to the airstream. The engine was a conventional Gnome rotary mounted at the rear of the machine. On 28 March 1910 Fabre, who had no previous experience of flying, decided he was ready to test his hydro-aeroplane. First he made several straight runs to test the planing properties of his three floats, then he made several short hops. In the afternoon Fabre took off from the harbour at La Mède near Marseille before official witnesses: he was able to claim the first flight by a powered seaplane. His hydro-aeroplane is preserved in the Musée de l'Air et de l'Espace in Paris.
Despite several accidents, Fabre continued to improve his design and in October of 1910 Glenn Curtiss, the American designer, visited Fabre to compare notes. A year later Curtiss built the first of his many successful seaplanes. Fabre did not continue as an aircraft designer, but he went on to design and manufacture floats for other people.
[br]
Bibliography
1980, J'ai vu naître l'aviation, Grenoble (autobiography).
JDS

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fabre — (Henri) (1882 1984) ingénieur français. Il mit au point le premier hydravion (1909). Fabre (Jean Henri) (1823 1915) entomologiste français: Souvenirs entomologiques (10 vol., 1879 1907) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Henri Fabre — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Fabre. Henri Fabre (né à Marseille (Bouches du Rhône) le 29 novembre 1882 et décédé le 29 juin 1984 au Touvet (Isère), à l âge de 101 ans) est un ingénieur et aviateur français. Il est l… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Henri Jacques Guillaume Clarke — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Clarke (homonymie). Henri Jacques Guillaume Clarke …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Henri Fabre (journaliste) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Fabre. Henri Fabre (Ayen, 14 juillet 1876 Brive la Gaillarde 25 novembre 1969) est un journaliste (pseudonyme : Henri Dayen) et un homme politique socialiste. Il est connu pour être, entre autres, le… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Fabre Hydravion — Fabre Hydravion …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Henri Fabre — (November 29, 1882 ndash; June 30, 1984) was a French aviator and the inventor of Le Canard , the first seaplane in history. [cite web|last = Naughton|first = Russell|title = Henri Fabre (1882 1984)|work = Monash University Centre for… …   Wikipedia

  • Fabre — is a surname, and may refer to:* André Fabre (b. 1945), French thoroughbred horse racing trainer * Cindy Fabre (b. 1985), Miss France for 2005 * Édouard Fabre (1885 ndash;1939), Canadian runner * Édouard Charles Fabre (1827 ndash;1896), former… …   Wikipedia

  • Fabre — ist der Vorname folgender Personen: Fabre d Églantine (1755–1794), französischer Dichter Fabre Geffrard (1806–1879), haitianischer Politiker Fabre ist der Familienname folgender Personen: André Fabre (* 1945); französischer Jocley und Galopp… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Henri fabre (journaliste) — Henri Fabre (Ayen 1876 Brive la Gaillarde 1969) est un journaliste (pseudonyme : Henri Dayen) et un homme politique socialiste. il est connu pour être, entre autres, le fondateur en 1918 du journal La Corrèze républicaine et socialiste. De… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Henri Déricourt — (2 septembre 1909 20 novembre 1962) fut, pendant la Seconde Guerre mondiale, un agent français du service secret britannique Special Operations Executive. Il est généralement admis qu il fut un agent double et probablement… …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.